Hambantota

Hambantota city is located 241km (along A2 coastal motor way) south of Colombo in Hambantota district of the Southern Province of Sri Lanka.

Hambantota is one of the five future 'metro cities' in Sri Lanka located in regions selected for their potential high population concentration. The forecast population for each metro city is one million and Hambantota will have a population around 1.2 million by 2018, according to the forecast.

Magampura Mahinda Rajapakse Sea Port

The island of Sri Lanka located at the southern tip of Indian subcontinent has no land whatsoever to the south of it till the Indian ocean meets the ever desert ever frozen continent of Antarctica. The location of Sri Lanka, thus lies in the key shipping route between the Malacca Straits and the Suez Canal, which links Asia and Europe.

Colombo, the main port of Sri Lanka being too small to grab the opportunity to service a significant part of the estimated 36,000 ships, including 4,500 oil tankers, that use the sea-route annually, a new harbor was opened in Hambantota in the year 2010.

Mahinda Rajapaksa International Airport at Mattala, Hambantota

Under the Greater Hambantota City Development Programme, a new airport is being constructed at Mattala, a small town located 15 km north of Hambantota. Mattala airport development work on 800 hectares of the 2000 hectare land area done at a cost of Rs.24 billion (US$209 million) will complete its first phase by September/October 2012 and is currently on target. In July 2010, the runway with a length of 3500 meters and the width of 75 meters was completed.

In the first phase, basic aerodynamic facilities, runway, air traffic controlling tower, apron, taxiway, passenger and cargo terminals, access roads, accommodation for officials, fuel storage facilities, sewerage treatment plant, water supply facilities, meteorological building, fire-fighting facilities, buildings for catering facilities and car park will be constructed.

At least 15 percent of energy is expected to be generated by the renewable sources such as bio mass, solar power and wind mill farms. Current water bodies and new water features will be developed to keep the water table up at higher levels. In an attempt in partial compensation of the de nuded forest, clusters of trees would be regrown in the open areas to merge into the adjacent forest lands surrounding the airport. Buffer zone surrounding the airport structure would be used to accommodate the wildlife.

Mirijjawila Botanical Garden at Hambantota

Sri Lanka’s first Dry Zone Botanical Garden is being established at the village of Mirijjawila on Colombo-Kataragama main road with six main objectives: conservation of dwindling trees and shrubs in the dry zone and arid zone; studies on lesser known and under utilized plants in the dry zone; in dry zone landscape improvement; promoting cultivation of medicinal herbal plants; imparting education and training on botany and horticulture to the younger generation; eco tourism promotion. The irrigation of the garden is supported by the nearby Beragama irrigation reservoir. The plans have been made to construct several small tanks within the Gardens too. Spreading over an extent of 300 acres, Mirijjawila Botanical Garden also features ornamental flower cultivation, commercial flower cultivation and facilities to undertake studies on trees.

Hambantota Salt Pans

Hambantota is home to the main salt pans of Sri Lanka. The coastal line of Hambantota is dominated by shimmering expansive saltpans that stretch along bordering the main road for about 15km. Salt is produced by means of allowing the sea water into the pans called Lewayas that makes the seawater evaporate leaving only salt to be scraped up and collected. The salt pans attract a large number of waders and shore birds, including greater flamingo, spot-billed pelican, several species of plover and tern, gulls, ducks, egrets, sandpipers and many others.

Wind farm

The Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Sri Lanka compiled by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) of the United Sates confers that Sri Lanka has a wind resource potential of 24,000 Mega Watts (MW). As at present Sri Lanka make use of only 3 MW of this enormous potential, by means of Hambantota Wind Farm of the Ceylon Electricity Board that is spread over 17 hectares of woodlands. The wind farm with a total installed capacity of 3 MW generates up to 4,500 MWh of power annually. The wind power station has five NEG Micon M1500-600 wind turbines of 600 KW each.

Greater Hambantota Development Project (GHDP)

The key objectives within the GHDP are:

  • To develop the Greater Hambantota area as an international business and investment centre
  • To develop the city of Ruhuna as a major transportation hub of Sri Lanka
  • To develop the city of Ruhuna (city centre of the Greater Hambantota area) as a major transportation hub for South Asia, based upon the Magampura MahindaRajapakse Sea Port international Seaport, Mahinda Rajapaksa Int’l Airport at Mattala,, new southern railway and Southern Expressway – with possible connection to Asian highway (AH43, 3,024 km Agra, India (on AH1) to Matara, Sri Lanka 650 km) proposed by the United Nations in 1959
  • To improve the quality of life by generating new job opportunities that will gradually establish full employment status in the country
  • To conserve the natural and historically important environment and enhance the social and cultural resources of the area
  • To create an environmentally friendly city

Lighting Hambantota Project

Extension of the power grid to ensure continuous electricity to households and factories in the area will further stimulate the economic growth and enhance the living conditions of the people.

Hambantota Fishery Harbour

Hambantota fishery harbor will play a central role in the promotion of fishery industry in the region of Hambantota. Further, the government has launched several electricity projects, water supply projects, housing development projects, health sector development projects, educational development projects and agricultural development projects.

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